本文标题:股骨头坏死是怎么引起,股骨头坏死是什么原因引起的,股骨头坏死是什么引起的_。本文主要介绍股骨头坏死是怎么引起,股骨头坏死是什么原因引起的,股骨头坏死是什么引起的内容,同时包含相关资讯。我们致力于提供最优质的!--{$article.title}-->_内容。

股骨头坏死是怎么引起,股骨头坏死是什么原因引起的,股骨头坏死是什么引起的

股骨头坏死是怎么引起,股骨头坏死是什么原因引起的,股骨头坏死是什么引起的

股骨头坏死的病因多种多种,大约有60多种,我们难以全面系统的分析,下面就列举几种最主要的发病因素供大家参考。

创伤引起股骨头坏死

1

创伤性原因造成股骨头坏死,如股骨头囊内骨折、股骨颈骨折、髋关节脱位、髋臼骨折、股骨头压缩性骨折,这些外伤主要是造成股骨头周围的血管损伤,这些血管受损伤后,股骨头部份失去血液营养,导致股骨头内骨组织缺血而造成股骨头坏死。

注意:受伤后骨组织的血运被阻断8小时,即可造成缺血性骨细胞坏死。由此可见,在有移位的股骨颈骨折中,骨坏死很早即可发生。髋关节脱位造成股骨头缺血坏死的约有10%。有时对髋部的直接打击也会造成股骨头坏死。

激素引起股骨头坏死

2

长期大量使用激素或日量过大,剂量增减突变也是发生股骨头坏死的原因之一。

随着医学的发展,激素类药物在临床上应用越来越广泛,激素原因造成的股骨头坏死在国内外报道中也越来越多。其主要原因是大量或长期使用激素,导致了激素在机体内的积蓄而发病。

酒精引起股骨头坏死

3

酒精性股骨头坏死常见于中青年人群。酗酒之所以会对股骨头产生破坏作用,是因为酒精会增加血液的粘稠度,股骨头这个位置血运本来就不好,血液的粘稠度如果还不断升高,这个位置的微循环就容易出现问题,进一步出现坏死症状。

手术后引起骨坏死

4

在临床中,骨移植、血管移植三年后,骨血供应不足而发生骨坏死。这主要是由于手术不成功或者患者自我愈合能力差引起的股骨头坏死正症状。


股骨头坏死的病因多种多种,大约有60多种,我们难以全面系统的分析,下面就列举几种最主要的发病因素供大家参考。

其它原因引起的坏

5

除了上述几种常见的几种因素引起股骨头坏死以外,还有可能是以下因素引起的股骨头坏死:

1、风、寒、湿导致股骨头坏死

临床表现为髋关节疼痛、寒湿为甚、下蹲困难。

2、肝肾亏虚导致股骨头坏死

表现为全身消瘦、面黄、阳痿、早泄、多梦、遗精、乏力等。

3、骨质疏松导致骨坏死

临床表现为下肢酸软无力、困疼、不能负重、易骨折。

4、扁平髋导致骨坏死

临床表现为行走鸭子步、下肢短、肌肉萎缩,行50米左右疼痛逐渐加重,功能受限等。

5、骨髓异常增生导致骨坏死

表现为患肢寒冷、酸痛、不能负重、易骨折、骨明显萎缩等。

6、骨结核合并骨坏死

表现为结核试验阳性,午后低烧、疼有定处、消瘦、盗汗、乏力等。


股骨头坏死的病因多种多种,大约有60多种,我们难以全面系统的分析,下面就列举几种最主要的发病因素供大家参考。

创伤引起股骨头坏死

1

创伤性原因造成股骨头坏死,如股骨头囊内骨折、股骨颈骨折、髋关节脱位、髋臼骨折、股骨头压缩性骨折,这些外伤主要是造成股骨头周围的血管损伤,这些血管受损伤后,股骨头部份失去血液营养,导致股骨头内骨组织缺血而造成股骨头坏死。

注意:受伤后骨组织的血运被阻断8小时,即可造成缺血性骨细胞坏死。由此可见,在有移位的股骨颈骨折中,骨坏死很早即可发生。髋关节脱位造成股骨头缺血坏死的约有10%。有时对髋部的直接打击也会造成股骨头坏死。

激素引起股骨头坏死

2

长期大量使用激素或日量过大,剂量增减突变也是发生股骨头坏死的原因之一。

随着医学的发展,激素类药物在临床上应用越来越广泛,激素原因造成的股骨头坏死在国内外报道中也越来越多。其主要原因是大量或长期使用激素,导致了激素在机体内的积蓄而发病。

酒精引起股骨头坏死

3

酒精性股骨头坏死常见于中青年人群。酗酒之所以会对股骨头产生破坏作用,是因为酒精会增加血液的粘稠度,股骨头这个位置血运本来就不好,血液的粘稠度如果还不断升高,这个位置的微循环就容易出现问题,进一步出现坏死症状。

手术后引起骨坏死

4

在临床中,骨移植、血管移植三年后,骨血供应不足而发生骨坏死。这主要是由于手术不成功或者患者自我愈合能力差引起的股骨头坏死正症状。

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专家总结股骨头坏死的三大原因 第一种恶习好多人都在做!

专家总结股骨头坏死的三大原因 第一种恶习好多人都在做!

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